Download and read online On the Origin of Species in PDF and EPUB Darwin consolidated a lifetime of work in On the Origin of Species, compiling his discoveries from the voyage of the Beagle, his experiments, research and correspondence. He argues for the transmutation of species over time by the process of natural selection. His work laid the foundation of evolutionary biology, though when it was published it caused tremendous religious and philosophical debates. Darwin's work is still seen by many people to oppose Christian beliefs.
Download and read online The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection Or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online On the Origin of Species 6th Edition in PDF and EPUB Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, in which he writes of his theories of evolution by natural selection, is one of the most important works of scientific study ever published.
Download and read online The Evolution Debate 1813 1870 On the Origin of Species in PDF and EPUB On the Origin of Species caused an uproar when it was first published in 1859. Darwin's theory was that species had evolved from simpler organisms by natural selection acting upon the variability of populations. This view was directly opposed to the doctrine of special creation by God and angered the Church and Victorian public opinion. This volume is a facsimile of one of the original copies sent to the eminent geologist Leonard Horner. The volume also includes sample pages from Darwin's original handwritten manuscript; the exclusive property of the Natural History Museum.
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Download and read online On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in PDF and EPUB A seminal historical work that has never been out of print, this is the text of the sixth edition - the last edition published during Darwin's lifetime and the last to include his own amendments.
Download and read online Theological and Scientific Commentary on Darwin s Origin of Species in PDF and EPUB "Although modified and adapted, evolution's basic principles remain firmly in place. However, the implications for belief are still being sorted. In this book, the authors review Darwin's milieu and give an overview of the conflicts among today's interpreters of Darwin."--BOOK JACKET.
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Download and read online On the Origin of Species 6th Edition On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties The Original Scientific Text leading to On the Origin of Species in PDF and EPUB This carefully crafted ebook: “On the Origin of Species, 6th Edition + On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties (The Original Scientific Text leading to "On the Origin of Species")” is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. This work of scientific literature is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. For the sixth edition of 1872, the title was changed to The Origin of Species. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin included evidence that he had gathered on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation. Various evolutionary ideas had already been proposed to explain new findings in biology. There was growing support for such ideas among dissident anatomists and the general public, but during the first half of the 19th century the English scientific establishment was closely tied to the Church of England, while science was part of natural theology. Ideas about the transmutation of species were controversial as they conflicted with the beliefs that species were unchanging parts of a designed hierarchy and that humans were unique, unrelated to other animals. The political and theological implications were intensely debated, but transmutation was not accepted by the scientific mainstream. The book was written for non-specialist readers and attracted widespread interest upon its publication. As Darwin was an eminent scientist, his findings were taken seriously and the evidence he presented generated scientific, philosophical, and religious discussion. The debate over the book contributed to the campaign by T.H. Huxley and his fellow members of the X Club to secularise science by promoting scientific naturalism. Within two decades there was widespread scientific agreement that evolution, with a branching pattern of common descent, had occurred, but scientists were slow to give natural selection the significance that Darwin thought appropriate. During the "eclipse of Darwinism" from the 1880s to the 1930s, various other mechanisms of evolution were given more credit. With the development of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s, Darwin's concept of evolutionary adaptation through natural selection became central to modern evolutionary theory, now the unifying concept of the life sciences. CONTENT: Preface Introduction Chapter 1 - Variation Under Domestication Chapter 2 - Variation Under Nature Chapter 3 - Struggle For Existence Chapter 4 - Natural Selection; Or The Survival Of The Fittest Chapter 5 - Laws Of Variation Chapter 6 - Difficulties Of The Theory Chapter 7 - Miscellaneous Objections To The Theory Of Natural Selection Chapter 8 - Instinct Chapter 9 - Hybridism Chapter 10 - On The Imperfection Of The Geological Record Chapter 11 - On The Geological Succession Of Organic Beings Chapter 12 - Geographical Distribution Chapter 13 - Geographical Distribution--Continued Chapter 14 - Mutual Affinities Of Organic Beings: Morphology -- Embryology -- Rudimentary Organs Chapter 15 - Recapitulation And Conclusion Glossary Of The Principal Scientific Terms Used In The Present Volume
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Download and read online The Sixth Extinction in PDF and EPUB ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.
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